Home > ethnicity, genealogy > >The table of nations

>The table of nations

>In Genesis 10 we read about the descendants of the Flood survivors. Noah and his wife, with their 3 sons Shem, Ham and Japheth, and their wives, were the sole human survivors of the global deluge. All people descend from Noah’s 3 sons (though I guess it is plausible that Noah and his wife had other children following the Flood).

Below are the names of Noah’s descendants who were the forefathers of the subsequent tribes named after them.

Japheth Gomer Ashkenaz
Riphath
Togarmah
Magog
Madai
Javan Elishah
Tarshish
Kittim
Dodanim
Tubal
Meshech
Tiras
Shem Elam
Asshur
Arpachshad Shelah Eber Peleg
Joktan Almodad
Sheleph
Hazarmaveth
Jerah
Hadoram
Uzal
Diklah
Obal
Abimael
Sheba
Ophir
Havilah
Jobab
Lud
Aram Uz
Hul
Gether
Mash
Ham Cush Seba
Havilah
Sabtah
Raamah Sheba
Dedan
Sabteca
Mizraim Ludim
Anamim
Lehabim
Naphtuhim
Pathrusim
Casluhim Philistines
Caphtorim
Put
Canaan Sidon
Heth
Jebusites
Amorites
Girgashites
Hivites
Arkites
Sinites
Arvadites
Zemarites
Hamathites

The list has a combination of personal names and tribal names. The tribal names are italicised. Clearly Canaan is the forefather of the Canaanites and presumably the Ludim are descendants of Lud.

No specific tribes were named after Noah’s sons though their names are attached to the major groupings. The Jews are Semitic (from Shem), the Europeans are Japhetic.

There has been significant intermarriage between some groups, especially those who live in close proximity to each other.

Excluding Noah’s sons there are 70 families mentioned.

It is reasonable to think the confusion of languages at Babel was along family lines.

The list may not be completely exhaustive, though it may be as far as the number of generations mentioned. Madai was the father of a nation, while Gomer’s sons Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah are the founders of 3 nations. Ii is possible that Gomerites are a grouping of separate descendants of Gomer. Alternatively Gomerite may be a term to describe the supertribe of Ashkenazim, Riphathites and Togarmahites combined. Or possibly Gomerite could be used in either way depending on context.

Some of these nations are known currently and most are referenced in history.

Categories: ethnicity, genealogy
  1. BA
    2008 February 5 at 07:20

    Question: When did the Israelites become Israelis?

  2. superninja
    2008 February 24 at 21:15

    “It is reasonable to think the confusion of languages at Babel was along family lines.”
    Never thought about that before, but it makes sense. Interesting!

  3. curious
    2009 March 23 at 01:08

    Is the table of nations historically accurate? And if it is, is the rest of the Bible historically accurate as well?

  4. 2009 March 23 at 01:35

    Is the table of nations historically accurate?
    I think so, yes.
    And if it is, is the rest of the Bible historically accurate as well?
    Where it makes historical claims, yes.

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